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Oral surgery - questions and answers


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Oral surgery is a dental discipline that solves complex functional and aesthetic problems associated with the health of the oral cavity. Beside surgical interventions it also deals with diagnostics of diseases, disorders and injuries.

Surgical procedures can only be performed by a trained specialist in oral surgery.

A dentist, who graduated from the faculty of dental medicine does not possess adequate knowledge to execute surgical procedures. It can only be done by a dentist who completed additional education from the field of general surgery.

Each oral surgery expert should have his certificates of qualification for execution of oral surgery procedures exposed in a visible place. If those certificates are not visible, he must present them upon request. In addition, the patient can inform himself with friends and acquaintances who have used the services of a particular oral surgeon before.

Apicoectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the diseased tip of the tooth root. When a cyst appears on the root, that isn't treatable, and if it presents danger for the health of the tooth, we usually do an apicoectomy. The oral surgeon makes an incision in the gums, and makes and opening in the jawbone to access the tooth root. He then surgically removes the diseased tissue and sews up the wound. Opening in the bone will regenerate in a short period of time.

A large number of adults does not have enough space in the jaw for the wisdom tooth to grow. When a wisdom tooth starts erupting it leans on the neighboring tooth and puts a lot of pressure on it. This process will cause constant pain for the patient and the only way to eliminate the pain is to remove the wisdom tooth surgically.

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth in the dental arch and they are placed deep in the oral cavity. If surgically removed, they have no functional nor aesthetic consequences for the patient.

If a tooth root remaines in the jaw, and it cannot be removed using classic dental equipment, a surgical procedure is done to remove the root.

Cysts mostly appear in the bone part of the jaw, and they grow only if they are completely closed and develop very slowly. Cystectomy is a surgical procedure that completely removes the cyst and prevents its further growth, which would inevitably lead to bone tissue resorption.

Impacted and retained teeth are teeth that have never erupted in a natural way. Although this disorder is not that frequent, there is a certain number of patients, who have faced this problem.

  • Impacted teeth - are teeth that have not erupted because of a physical barrier. It mostly happens when the erupting tooth does not have enough space and it bumps into the neighboring tooth.
  • Retained teeth - are teeth that have not erupted for various reasons, such as: damage of the tooth bud, too deep position of the tooth bud, wrong position of the tooth bud or wrong direction of growth.

Odontotomy is a surgical procedure by which impacted or retained teeth are removed. It is mostly done when impacted or retained teeth present danger to other healthy teeth of the patient.

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