Orthodontics in Croatia
Formation of the dental arch starts with the eruption of the first teeth, and it will define the function of the teeth, as well as the child's smile. In addition to dental arch, dental support apparatus is also formed. Due to the effect of various forces in the mouth, teeth can change their direction of growth and disrupt their functionality, and the functionality of the jaw. To prevent this from happening, there's orthodontics. Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that is responsible for the proper formation of the teeth and their supporting apparatus.
Orthodontic braces are not only for children, they can also ensure successful functional and aesthetic therapy for adults!
Orthodontic braces are now very well accepted by children and adults who want to straighten their teeth and bring them into their correct position. Orthodontics has advanced in the recent years and is now offering different solutions for different needs and individual wishes of the patient. When we talk about orthodontic braces, we can classify them as:
- braces for children
- braces for youth
- braces for adults
Teeth straightening with braces
The child should visit the dentist for the first time at the age of 7. That is the ideal age for the first visit to the orthodontist as well to determine the state of child’s teeth and whether a necessary therapy will be needed in the recent future. If you your child has some of the mentioned symptoms, you should definitely consult an orthodontist:
- thumb sucking
- mouth breathing
- early tooth loss
- excess or lack of teeth
- teeth overlapping
- front upper jaw and lower jaw teeth do not overlap
- there is a gap between the teeth
Depending on the age and needed therapy, the orthodontist will decide on the braces to be used for the treatment. There are several types of braces, and these are:
- Mobile braces - help in correcting the upper and lower jaw relation, they are made of plastics with wire retainer and are worn 14 - 16 hours a day. They are used only by children, especially in puberty.
- Fixed braces - contain of wire, brackets and ligatures. Brackets can be made of metal, ceramics or plastics, and the braces can be removed only by the orthodontist.