Periodontology in Croatia
Supporting structures of the tooth are all the tissues surrounding the tooth. They primarily include gums, bone and connecting tissue. Branch of the dentistry dealing with research and treatment of all supporting structures of the teeth is called periodontology. All supporting structures of the teeth are prone to diseases due to bacteria and acids developing in the oral cavity.
The disease up to the 40% of population suffers from is called periodontitis. Periodontitis is a malicious disease without any serious and distinctive symptoms but it can lead to deterioration of all supporting structures and teeth loss. It mostly appears as a result of bad nutrition and insufficient oral hygiene, and it is often hereditary. Diabetics and smokers have higher risk of periodontal diseases, as well as individuals with high cholesterol and triglycerides. Diabetics as the most exposed group have 7 times higher risk of periodontal diseases.
Periodontosis is a disease responsible for most teeth loss among adults after caries. Most of the adults have once suffered from periodontosis!
Periodontitis is undoubtedly the biggest culprit for the teeth loss among adults, and it can be classified into 3 different stadiums:
- gingivitis or gums inflammation
- advanced periodontitis
Gingivitis or gums inflammation is the initial stage of periodontitis, where there is still enough time for a successful treatment, but because of very weak symptoms it is very difficult to perceive the changes. If the periodontitis advances to its last stage, it will, in most cases, be too late to save the affected teeth.
The disease has mild symptoms and is therefore hard to be perceived, therefore one should pay attention to the following during their daily oral hygiene maintenance:
- swollen or sensitive gums
- change of color to violet or deep red
- bad breath
- possible gum bleeding during brushing
- bitter or bad taste in the mouth
- sanies around the teeth
- tooth instability
- painful teeth or gums
If some of the symptoms are present, one should visit the dentist as soon as possible in order to determine the type of illness and to start with adequate therapy.
Treatment of periodontitis is not simple and requires frequent visits to the dentist, but it is essential to stop the disease advancing. After the diagnosis, the dentist will decide on the best therapy, which depends on the stage of the disease.
Periodontitis can be avoided by regular visits to the dentist for checkup and removal of tartar and plaque, every 6 months. The dentist is doing a periodontitis test during each visit using a special periodontal probe, that checks the presence of the gingival pockets between supporting tissues and the teeth.